Category: Industrial Cyber Security

Industrial Control Systems Vulnerabilities

5 Common Vulnerabilities in Industrial Control Systems

The use of industrial control systems (ICS) stretches across a wide range of critical infrastructure sectors, including energy, manufacturing, transport, water, waste and healthcare. ICS traditionally were isolated systems to control and manage industrial assets, machinery and systems, however, that is changing, as we enter the age of fourth industrial revolution. Now as the information […]

Ensuring IT/OT Network Security in Critical Infrastructure

Background After a series of high-profile cyber security incidents on critical infrastructures, governments and enterprises of such facilities have taken malwares seriously into considerations. Apparently, the malwares or ransomware over the past couple years, such as Stuxnet, WannaCry and Crash Override, have publically exposed the vulnerability of SCADA Networks or Industrial Control Systems in today’s […]

Integrating Multi-Layer Architectures to Mitigate Cyber Vulnerabilities in Oil and Gas Sectors

  Background Nowadays, utility productions, such as oilfield, petroleum refinery, and offshore gas drilling, have become more and more digitalized and connected. Devices deployed such as PLCs, HMIs, SCADA, sensors and embedded computing systems are inter-connected operational technologies (OT) in order to optimize automation and productions. Though digitalization and interconnections of OT devices have increased […]

Protecting Substations from Cyber Threats with IEC61850 Compliant Communication Platform

Cyber Security Threat in Energy Sector Since the cyber attack of Ukraine’s power grids in December, 2015, it is clear that traditional ICS, SCADA and off-the-shelf operating systems in substation present imminent vulnerabilities for cyber attack. As the OT networks in critical infrastructures and IT-based control layer devices are more and more interconnected, there have […]

Converged IT+OT Security Gateway to Ensure Critical Infrastructure Protection

Background The number of targeted cyber attacks has increased exponentially over the past years, and the rate of attacks has also risen particularly on the critical infrastructure, such as power station, gas refinery and transportation. Some major incidents of cyber attack on power sectors, like the Blackenergy attack on Ukrain’s power grids and the Stuxnet […]

Establishing Secure Maritime Network Communications

  Introduction: Network connectivity and communications have drastically transformed how the maritime industry carries out its critical business operations. Tasks such as voyage planning, vessel performance analysis, maintenance/manning expense estimation and onboard physical security can now be conducted with reduced cost, greater efficiency and better-defined accuracy, resulting in stronger revenues, enhanced profitability and competitive advantages. […]

Establishing Solid Network Security for Industrial Control System

Abstract Traditionally, industrial control systems (ICS) like SCADA used to be isolated for its sole purpose of performing mission-critical tasks and controlling the processes within important infrastructures such as oil refinery, power plants, manufacturing factories, water/sewage treatment and energy plants. Therefore, these systems are built with conventional structures and operate in multiple decades of lifespan. […]